Subscribe To Our Telegram Channel To Stay Connected.💙 SUBSCRIBE

Chapter: SPEAK UP | JKBOSE Class 10th English Notes

Chapter: SPEAK UP | JKBOSE Class 10th English Notes | jkboseclass10.kashmirstudent.com

Speak up is a thought-provoking poem by Faiz Ahmad Faiz. The poet has a deep and profound meaning and courage that aims to give voice to the voiceless. 


Central Idea 

The poem “Speak up” is a beautiful expression of the poet against the atrocities of the Britishers. The poet calls upon his countrymen to raise voice against the oppressors. It is a poem of profound meaning and courage that intends to infuse a spark of bravery and give voice to the voiceless. 

Summary of “Speak Up” 

The poem Speak up is an English translation of an Urdu poem “Bol” written by an eminent Urdu poet and a Noble prize nominee, “Faiz Ahmad Faiz” and translated from Urdu by Shiv K. Kumar. This poem has been taken from Faiz”s collection of poems “Naqsh-E- Faryadi”, published in 1941. In this poem, the poet intends to give voice to the oppressed and voiceless people. He addresses to his countrymen that they should stand against the tyranny and brutality of the Britishers. Actually, this poem is an evocation of the patriotic feelings of the countrymen of the poet. He wants to free his motherland from the clutches of the white oppressors and thus is using very emotional and zealous slogans to free themselves. So, the poet says to his countrymen to speak up because they have been bestowed with lips and the power of communication by Almighty God. 

He wants them to speak because they possess a well-built body and a soul surviving in it, so they should utilize their energy to defy oppression. In the next stanza, the poet uses metaphors i.e. he compares the national struggle with smithy of a blacksmith. This smithy or forge is bearing such a high temperature that it can melt any metal. He feels that the rebels of this struggle have already ignited the revolution like the fierce flames of the smithy. It is because of this intense agitation and revolution of the rebels that chains and shackles of slavery are about to break or surrender before them. The only thing which is needed is the encouragement by joining the struggle. So, he requests his countrymen to join the struggle and raise their voice against the harassment because the time is limited. He wants them to be awakened before their death occurs. So he pleas to them to speak the truth before it is too late. 


Questions and Answers: 

Ans. The poet wants his countrymen to speak up the things which are suppressed in their hearts. He wants them to be bold and courageous and express their anger against the brutal English rule. He wants them to join the freedom struggle and free themselves from the chains of slavery and oppression. Ans. The poet says that the truth is not yet dead. It is known to everyone what is just and what is unjust, what is right and what is wrong. Therefore, it should not be difficult for the reader to recognize this truth and speak for it. 

Ans. The chains will break if we have the courage and zest to break them. They will break if we refuse to live in them. And they will break if we have a sense of patriotism and if we cooperate with others who have been kept chained. Our sincere and dedicated efforts can break the chains of slavery. 

Ans. The poet urges his countrymen to speak up now as the time is ticking away. The poet urges people to co-operate in the freedom struggle for this is the high time to get rid of the oppression because British reign is weakening down. Wind of change has already begun to blow. The struggle for freedom is at its peak. So he calls upon his natives to lend their voice for freedom. 

Ans.  Yes, the poem “Speak up” is an invigorating poem. It speaks against the oppression. The poet finds that the common man is too oppressed to speak up. She/He is dumbfounded with fear. The poet wants these people to hear the voice of their soul and speak up. They should realize that God has bestowed them with lips to speak. They should come out of fear and speak up freely and liberally.

Ans. The metaphor is a figure of speech in which comparison is made between unlike things indirectly, categorizing them as identical. A metaphor is a word or phrase used in an imaginative way to describe something else. It is used to show how two different things have the same quality. Various metaphors used in this poem are the oven, the flames, the padlock, and the fetter. These metaphors have been used to describe the struggle for India‟s freedom in a symbolical manner and metaphors describe some aspects of our struggle for freedom in an imaginative manner. The oven and fierce flames are the metaphors that stand for the courage against the harsh oppression while padlocks and fetters are also used metaphorically to mean the chains in which Indian people had been shackled. 

Ans. The blacksmith‟s shop stands for the situation the freedom- fighters have created for the liberty of their motherland. „The oven‟ and „fierce flames‟ stand for their courage. „The chains‟ and „fetters‟ are the epitomes of slavery which the poet is determined to break. The smithy's shop symbolizes national struggle, the oven symbolizes heat which is generated in the hearts of the people by the oppression and the death of the martyrs, the fierce flames symbolize the voices raised by the protagonists against the tyrants and lastly the padlocks and fetters symbolize the slavery. 


Chapter: SPEAK UP | JKBOSE Class 10th English Notes | jkboseclass10.kashmirstudent.com 

Poetic Devices:- 

1.Imagery:- The poet has impeccably used different imageries in this poem such as visual and organic imagery. 

i) Visual Imagery:- The blacksmith's shop stands for the liberty of the freedom fighters  have created for the liberty of their motherland.The 'oven' and 'fierce flames' stand for their courage.The 'chains' and 'fetters' are the epitomes of slavery which the poet is determined to break. 

ii) Organic Imagery:- It has been used throughout the poem, showing poet's emotions and feelings towards those people who are suffering through lots of problems caused to them by tyrants for which Faiz,wants to awaken a sleepy community. 

2. Enjambment:- It has been used in the 1st couplet of the poem as their meanings are interconnected.For example "Speak up,for your lips are not sealed And your words are still your own" Another example of enjambment is the 2nd couplet of 2nd stanza which says; "The padlocks are already opening their mouths And each fetter is skirting around" The last example which substantiates enjambment is the 10th and 11th verse as the meaning of 11th verse is incomplete without the verse above it.For example "Before your body and mind fade away, Tell us,for truth is not yet dead."

3. Alliteration:- The phrases like 'fierce flames', 'are already', 'before your body','soul is still' represent alliteration in this poem. 

4. Repetition:- The phrase 'speak up' has been repeatedly used in 1st and the last stanza.Apart from this phrase,the words such as 'are','own','your' and 'speak'have been used repeatedly. 

5. Refrain:- It is the repetition of a line or phrase or even a word at the end of a stanza.Thus, we can say 'refrain' has been used as the word 'speak'is used at the end of two stanzas. 

6. Metaphor:- It is a comparison drawn between two unlike things without using 'like' or 'as'.Various metaphors used in this poem are the smithy's shop, oven, the flames, the padlock and the fetter.These metaphors have been used in a symbolic manner to describe the struggle for India's freedom in an imaginative manner.The blacksmith's shop stands for the situation raised by the protagonists against the British tyrants for the sake of freedom for their country.The oven and fierce flames stand for the courage against the harsh oppression while padlocks and fetters are also used metaphorically to mean the slavery in which Indian people had been shackled. 

7. Symbolism:- The smithy's shop,oven,flames,padlock,fetters and chains are few of the symbols that have been used in this poem which help us to understand the deeper meaning of the poem.The blacksmith's shop stands for the situation raised by the protagonists against the British tyrants for the sake of freedom for their country.The oven symbolises the heat ignited by martydom of the martyrs and fierce flames stand for the courage against the harsh oppression while padlocks and fetters symbolise the slavery in which Indian people had been shackled. 

8. Free Verse:- It is a free verse poem having no rhyme scheme and comprises three quatrains.

9. Protagonists:- Indian people who are portrayed as anti-heroes, and Faiz is trying to wake-up this sleepy community.He wants to fill their hearts and minds with feelings of patriotism and wants them to fight like heroes. 

10. Antagonist:- Antagonists are the Britishers who have mercilessly oppressed poor Indian people. 


CENTRAL IDEA: The poem “Speak Up” written by Faiz Ahmad Faiz is a beautiful expression of the poet to defy oppression. It is a poem of profound meaning and courage that intends to give voice to the voiceless. It encourages the reader to speak boldly and clearly what he thinks and believes in. He wants the reader to speak up for those who are confronting injustice and cruelties by tyrants. He wants to make the reader realize that time is ticking away and before he would run out of it, he (the reader) must speak up against the cruelties perpetrated by the tyrants. He wants the reader to speak up before he (the reader) dies. He wants him to speak up about what he thinks is right because “Truth prevails against falsehood”. 

Paraphrase: 

Line (1- 4): The poet encourages, prepares the reader to speak up clearly and boldly without being hesitant about what he thinks and believes in. He wants the reader to raise the voice against the cruelties by tyrants. He wants to tell the reader about the freedom of speech which he (the reader) has got. He (the reader) must express his feelings fearlessly and courageously. He has moral, intellectual energy within and thus, he should speak up boldly and courageously. 


Line (5-8): The poet wants /asks the reader to look inside the shop of smithy (Blacksmith’s/Shop). The oven inside the shop has become red owing to burning and the fire thus produced is burning with brighter flames. In these flames the metallic locks and shackles are being made for the people who’ve raised their voices against the cruelties and injustice being perpetrated on them by tyrants. The poet further says that every metallic shackle, fetter or chain is skirted around by blacksmith himself or it itself skirts around in the red, violent flames. And, it is with these shackles and metallic locks that they would be stopped from going ahead in their movement of resistance against the injustice and cruelties which they’ve been suffering for long. 


Line (9-13): The poet wants/asks the reader to speak up the truth. Time is ticking away/running out. Before death (which is inevitable) puts an end to all our activities, the reader must speak for those who’re suffering cruelties and injustice. We must not delay in acting, in raising our voice because our body and mind is bound to fade away. We must speak courageously because “truth prevails against falsehood.” The time span provided to us is no doubt very short but we must not keep mum while seeing the cruelties being perpetrated in front of us. We must muster up the courage to speak up and express our thoughts, feelings and ideas clearly. 


Line (5 – 8): In this stanza, the poet talks in a language that is plainly symbolic. The symbols used by the poet are smithy, oven, flames, padlocks and fetters. It is not hard to understand the meaning of these symbols. The smithy is symbolic of the struggle going on for India’s freedom. The oven symbolizes the heat generated by the death of the various martyrs. The flames are the voices of protest that have begun to rise everywhere. Slavery is clearly symbolized by padlocks and fetters. These padlocks is fetters are waiting to be melted protest that have begun to rise everywhere. Slavery is clearly symbolized by padlocks and fetters. These padlocks is fetters are waiting to be melted in the smithy of freedom fighters

Post a Comment

Oops!
It seems there is something wrong with your internet connection. Please connect to the internet and start browsing again.
AdBlock Detected!
We have detected that you are using adblocking plugin in your browser.
The revenue we earn by the advertisements is used to manage this website, we request you to whitelist our website in your adblocking plugin.
Site is Blocked
Sorry! This site is not available in your country.